Age at death Trends in infant mortality
Neither neonatal (under 28 days) nor postneonatal (28 days to The overall 2013 infant mortality rate from the linked file was under age 1 year) mortality rates changed significantly for the United
5.96 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, nearly the same as the rate States from 2012 to 2013 (Table B). The neonatal mortality rate was of 5.98 in 2012 (Tables A and B). The infant mortality rate plateaued 4.04 in 2013 and 4.02 in 2012 for deaths under 28 days of age per from 2000 to 2005, fluctuated for 2 years, and then declined from 1,000 births. The postneonatal mortality rate was 1.92 in 2013 and 2007 to 2012 (Table B and Figure 1); the 2013 infant mortality rate is 1.96 in 2012 for deaths from 28 days to under age 1 year per 1,000 13% lower than the 2005 high (6.86). live births.
From 2012 to 2013, the infant mortality rates were stable for The only decline in neonatal mortality from 2012 to 2013 was most groups but declined significantly for two Hispanic subgroups: for births to Cuban women, down 43%, from 3.97 to 2.28 per 1,000. 14% for Puerto Rican women (6.86 to 5.93) and 40% for Cuban
While all groups had lower postneonatal mortality rates from 2012 to women (5.00 to 3.02) (in 2013 there were 57 infant deaths to Cuban
2013, none of the declines were significant (Table B). women) (Table B). Several groups had significant declines from
Non-Hispanic black women had the highest neonatal mortality 2005 (the most recent U.S. high) to 2013: Puerto Rican (29%), non- rate in 2013 at 7.46, 2.2 times that for non-Hispanic white women Hispanic black (18%), API (17%), non-Hispanic white (12%), and (3.34). Neonatal mortality rates were also higher for Puerto Rican Mexican women (11%) (Table B and Figure 2). (4.23) and AIAN (4.11) women than for non-Hispanic white women.
Infant mortality by race and Hispanic origin of Neonatal mortality rates were lower for API (2.99) and Cuban (2.28) women compared with non-Hispanic white women (Tables A and B).
mother Infants of non-Hispanic black (3.65) and AIAN (3.50) women had Infant mortality rates vary considerably by race and Hispanic the highest postneonatal mortality rates of any group—more than
origin of mother. In 2013, the highest rate, 11.11 per 1,000 live twice the rate for non-Hispanic white women (1.71) (Tables A and B). births, was for infants of non-Hispanic black mothers. Infants of In contrast, postneonatal mortality rates for Mexican (1.40), Central Cuban mothers had the lowest rate at 3.02. Rates were higher for and South American (1.18), and API (1.08) women were lower than infants of non-Hispanic black, AIAN (7.61), and Puerto Rican (5.93) for non-Hispanic white women (Table A).
Table A. Infant, neonatal, and postneonatal deaths and mortality rates, by race and Hispanic origin of mother: United States, 2013 linked file
Number of deaths Mortality rate per 1,000 live births
Hispanic origin and race of mother Live births Infant Neonatal Postneonatal Infant Neonatal Postneonatal
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