I will pay for the following essay An analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of realist, neoliberal and social constructivist approach on European integration and European security. The essay is to be 14 pages with three to five sources, with in-text citations and a reference page.
Firstly, the end of the Cold War would increase relative gains concerns among the European states, creating barriers to cooperation. Secondly, institutions could not overcome this barrier to cooperation. (Smith, 2000, p.40). In Mearsheimer’s view international institutions were ‘merely an intervening variable in the process’ by which the balance of power mechanism leads to war (Mearsheimer,
Neorealist Joseph Grieco (1995) argued that the successful negotiation of the Treaty on European Union (TEU, 1992) and Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) rebuked the neorealist theory that states hold international institutions in low esteem (Rosamond, 2000, p.133). Further, a more likely explanation of the EU’s longevity was the post-Second World War balances of power politics (Rosamond, 2000, p.134). Grieco stated that throughout the last 20 years:
Grieco’s alternative hypothesis offered a potent explanation for the intensification of European integration in the 1980s/1990s. For Grieco EMU negotiations were an interstate bargain without initial supranational sponsorship. This questions how and why states came to choose the mode of EMU development in the TEU (Rosamond, 2000, p.134).
“if states share a common interest and undertake negotiations on rules constituting a collaborative arrangement, then the weaker but still influential partners will seek to ensure that the rules so constructed will provide sufficient opportunities for them to voice their concerns and interests and thereby prevent or at least ameliorate their domination by stronger parties”. (Grieco, 1995, p.35)
The key question for Grieco was “why did the EC countries undertake such an ambitious risky, programme of institutional innovation as is envisioned by the Maastricht Treaty, and especially its elements on EMU” (Grieco, 1995, p.23)
More specifically, Grieco argued that neorealism faced “an acute need” to explain why “key middle-rank” EU members, particularly France and Italy, decided to “join with a potentially hegemonic partner in an economic balancing coalition” (Grieco, 1996, p.304).
Grieco proffered a revised neorealist argument about secondary states and the interests that might lead them to cooperate with stronger partners through international institutions (1995, p.24). There were economic and policy influence benefits for doing so (Grieco, 1996, p.287). The ‘voice opportunities’ associated with participation in institutions offered states a means both to encourage the ‘compliance of stronger partners’ and to address any unequal distributions of gains which may arise in the course of cooperation (Grieco, 1996, p.288).
Grieco believed that ‘neorealism should be amended to ascribe significance to institutions’ because the ‘voice opportun
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