Assigning criterion-referenced or norm-referenced grades

MAY 07, 2019

Unit 4 educational psychology: Phillips wants his students to develop the ability to separate and control variables in scientific experimentation.

20). Which one of the following statements best reflects the textbook’s recommendation with regard to assigning criterion-referenced or norm-referenced grades?

a. Assign criterion-referenced grades in the lower elementary grades and in all low-ability classes; assign norm-referenced grades in high-ability classes in the middle school and high school grades.

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b. Assign norm-referenced grades at all grade levels to the extent that such is possible.

c. Assign criterion-referenced grades at all grade levels to the extent that such is possible. d. Assign criterion-referenced grades at the elementary level, but assign norm-referenced grades at the high school level.

21). Three of the following statements are accurate with regard to the advantages of portfolios. Which statement is false? a. Portfolios are useful for fostering students’ self-evaluation skills. b. Portfolios provide a means through which instruction and assessment can be easily interrelated. c. As a means of summarizing students’ achievement, portfolios have greater practicality than final grades. d. Portfolios can reflect the complex nature of students’ achievement.

22). For which one of the following classes would it be most helpful to create an electronic portfolio rather than a paper portfolio?  a. a high school creative writing class  b. a high school debating class c. a middle school geography class d. a middle school math class.

23). Three of the teachers below are using strategies consistent with the textbook’s recommendations regarding the use of portfolios. Which one is not consistent?

a. Ms. Gaudet lists the criteria that she will use to evaluate students’ portfolios.

b. Ms. James tells each of her students which specific artifacts they should include in their class portfolios.

c. Ms. Salih asks students to include at least four writing samples written at various times during the school year in order to show how they have improved over time.

d. Ms. Shaklee asks her students to include a brief statement about each of the entries they include in their portfolios.

24). How can teachers most accurately assess the content validity of a standardized achievement test? a. Calculate the correlation between the scores of the norm group and the scores of the students in the classroom. b. Consult the test manual regarding content validity data for the norm group. c. Compare the school curriculum to a table of specifications for the test. d. Calculate the correlation between the students’ scores on the test and their scores on a similar achievement test.

25). Which one of the following questions is more likely to be found on a scholastic aptitude test than on an achievement test? a. Of what two elements does water consist?  b. What’s missing in this picture of a chair?  c. How is the circumference of a circle calculated? d. What significant historical event happened at Waterloo, Belgiu

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