Boundaries and Border lines Disputes

Boundaries. Border lines among -and within social -systems are arbitrary but
consequential. How a principal groups teachers and students, for example, is not
inconsequential.
Subsystems. Every social system is.composed of interrelated subsystems. For examp-le,
in. elementary schools what occurs at one grade level -or in secondary schools
what occurs in one academic department-has- some consequences for other grade
levels-and departments. Thus, subsystems operating autonomously often generate
unintended consequences for other subsystems or possibly the entire school.
Multiple -causation. Problems and outcomes in a social system rarely have a single
cause. In schools, for example, itis highly improbable that low student performance
on state achievement testsis caused by one variable.

An organization’s climate is in essence its personality (Sargeant, 1967); it is an attribute
that shapes a person’s feelirrgs about a school. Structure, or organization, is one of the
four elements of climate and, as such, it partially determines how teachers and students
feel about the school-and ‘how they feel often affects how they perform. Therefore,
restructuring can alter a school’s climate; ana ultimately it can influence student
academic performance (Kowalski,-Petersen, &Fusarelli, 2007).
‘Schools are complex social systems and, as such, theyshould be..analyzed in relation
to three-qualities:
SCHOOLS AS SOCIA[ S_YSTEMS
.• “Identify options for annual school calendars
• Explain the nature of a learning organization
66 LEADERSHIP EXPECTATIONS

The deployment of art} music, and physical education teachers. This option provides
students with .exposure to instructors who have concentrated. preparation in their
specializations and it-provides teachers in self-contained classrooms with preparation
time during the school day.
Resource .rooms. These rooms provide ‘students- opportunities for individualized OT
small group instruction outside the se-lf-contained -dassroom for a porti.on of theschool day. Their development resulted primarily from legal requirements for
serving special needs students- (i.e., those with .individualized education programs
[IEPs] requiring inclusion). Today, -resource rooms also may provide work. areas
for teacher aides who focus on supplemental instruction as prescribed by teachers
operating self-contained classrooms.

The structure of All elementary school is analyzed with respect to vertical andhorizontal
planning. Vertical planning (i;e., what occur-sfrom grade -levelto grade level) has been
premised on students progressing from one grade level to another until the school’s
entire _program of study has been completed. This organizational approach -is r-ooted
in the assumption ‘that.students of the same chronological age benefit adequately from
re-ceiving .a uniform instruction ·concurrently-a premise -that has been frequently
challenged. The dominant horizontal plan (i.e., what occurs at a.given grade level) has
been the self-contained classroom=-rhatis, one teacher-providing instruction in all basic
subjects. This configuration is premised on -twoperceived advantages. First, students
are presumed to adapt more readily .to school “if rhey are placed witlr a single teacher
and .a relatively small group of students ‘for all or most-of the school day. Second, the
self-contained classroom configuration is efficent, orderly, easy to administer, and
understood by parents. Many elementary- schools have modified -their horizontal plan
by .providing partial departmentalization in The-upper _grades;for example, two fifthgrade teachers may team together in that one -teaches science arrd mathematics for both
sections and the other teaches language arts and reading for.borh sections,
Over the last half ce-ntury, traditional horizontal -planning in elementary schools has
been augmented by the following concepts:
Elementary SChoolsThough ‘education experts posit that philosophy, curriculum, and mstructional strategies
should determine the organizational pattern ofa school, pragmatic considerations=such
-a~ funding and available facilities, and -tradition often have trumped these conside:rations.
How and why a district separates schools by grade levels and why principals structure
the school day the way they do are not matters that capture the attention of many
stakeholders-especially those who do not have children enrolled in the school’s.
.Nevertheless, these should be treated -.ascritical administrative decisions. because they
have the potential of affecting student learning.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Boundaries and Border lines Disputes
Just from $9/Page
Order Essay
Order a unique copy of this paper
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

We value our customers and so we ensure that what we do is 100% original..
With us you are guaranteed of quality work done by our qualified experts.Your information and everything that you do with us is kept completely confidential.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

The Product ordered is guaranteed to be original. Orders are checked by the most advanced anti-plagiarism software in the market to assure that the Product is 100% original. The Company has a zero tolerance policy for plagiarism.

Read more

Free-revision policy

The Free Revision policy is a courtesy service that the Company provides to help ensure Customer’s total satisfaction with the completed Order. To receive free revision the Company requires that the Customer provide the request within fourteen (14) days from the first completion date and within a period of thirty (30) days for dissertations.

Read more

Privacy policy

The Company is committed to protect the privacy of the Customer and it will never resell or share any of Customer’s personal information, including credit card data, with any third party. All the online transactions are processed through the secure and reliable online payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By placing an order with us, you agree to the service we provide. We will endear to do all that it takes to deliver a comprehensive paper as per your requirements. We also count on your cooperation to ensure that we deliver on this mandate.

Read more

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency
Open chat
1
You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp! Via +1 817 953 0426

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.

Order your essay today and save 30% with the discount code STARS