Cardiovascular system interactions

Test  Bank Human Biology 13th Edition by Sylvia Mader, Michael Windelspecht

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Chapter 06

Cardiovascular System: Blood

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which of the following is not a function of blood?
A. transport
B. defense
C. regulation
D. pumping
E. carry oxygen

The major functions of the blood include transport, defense, and regulation. The heart does the pumping.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 06.01.01 List the functions of blood in the human body.
Section: 06.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System

2. The two major components of blood are
A. red blood cells and white blood cells.
B. plasma and serum.
C. plasma and red blood cells.
D. formed elements and plasma.
E. platelets and plasma.

Formed elements and plasma are the two major components of the blood.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.01.01 List the functions of blood in the human body.
Section: 06.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System

3. What are the most abundant plasma proteins that also establish the osmotic pressure of the plasma?
A. fibrinogens
B. gamma globulins
C. astrocytes
D. albumins
E. hemoglobin

Albumins are the most abundant plasma proteins and contribute by establishing the osmotic pressure of the plasma.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.01.02 Compare the composition of formed elements and plasma in the blood.
Section: 06.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System

4. If there is a problem with clotting, what plasma protein may be involved?
A. fibrinogens
B. gamma globulins
C. alpha globulins
D. albumins
E. beta globulins

Fibrinogens are plasma proteins that when activated aid in the proper clotting of blood.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.01.02 Compare the composition of formed elements and plasma in the blood.
Section: 06.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System

5. When Jennifer had to receive a gamma globulin shot after being exposed to hepatitis, the gamma globulins were serving what function?
A. blood clotting agents
B. transport molecules for cholesterol and iron
C. antibodies
D. osmoregulatory molecules
E. transport molecules for glucose

Gamma globulins serve as antibodies and will protect someone exposed to hepatitis.

Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 06.01.02 Compare the composition of formed elements and plasma in the blood.
Section: 06.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System

6. Which of the following substances is not considered part of blood plasma?
A. dissolved O2
B. glucose
C. urea
D. albumin
E. red blood cells

Red blood cells are part of the formed elements, not the plasma.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.01.02 Compare the composition of formed elements and plasma in the blood.
Section: 06.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System

7. Which of the following are actually cell fragments and not whole cells?
A. RBCs
B. WBCs
C. platelets
D. albumins
E. globulins

Platelets are cell fragments of whole cells called megakaryocytes.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 06.01.02 Compare the composition of formed elements and plasma in the blood.
Section: 06.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System

8. RBCs are better known as ________ and WBCs are better known as ___________.
A. lymphocytes, monocytes
B. erythrocytes, eosinophils
C. leukocytes, erythrocytes
D. erythrocytes, leukocytes
E. macrophages, neutrophils

RBCs are better known as erythrocytes and WBCs are better known as leukocytes.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 06.01.02 Compare the composition of formed elements and plasma in the blood.
Section: 06.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System

9. What gives rise to all the formed elements of the blood?
A. megakaryocytes
B. macrophages
C. reticulocytes
D. stem cells
E. erythroblasts

Multipotent stem cells give rise to all the formed elements of the blood.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.01.02 Compare the composition of formed elements and plasma in the blood.
Section: 06.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System

True / False Questions

10. The most abundant component of plasma is water.
TRUE

Water makes up 91% of plasma.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.01.02 Compare the composition of formed elements and plasma in the blood.
Section: 06.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System

11. Blood plays an important role in homeostasis.
TRUE

Blood is involved in regulation of many important functions, including body temperature, osmotic pressure, and acid-base balance.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 06.01.01 List the functions of blood in the human body.
Section: 06.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System
Topic: Homeostasis

Multiple Choice Questions

12. What makes the blood red?
A. albumin
B. hemoglobin
C. fibrinogen
D. globulins
E. platelets

Hemoglobin is a pigment that makes red blood cells and blood red.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.02.01 Explain the role of hemoglobin in gas transport.
Section: 06.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

13. Mature human red blood cells
A. have a nucleus.
B. are biconcave discs without a nucleus.
C. are rare in the bloodstream.
D. carry plasma.
E. fight pathogens.

Mature human red blood cells are biconcave discs without a nucleus.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 06.02.02 Compare the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide by red blood cells.
Section: 06.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

14. How many globin chains are found in hemoglobin?
A. 0
B. 1
C. 2
D. 3
E. 4

There are four globin chains in hemoglobin.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 06.02.01 Explain the role of hemoglobin in gas transport.
Section: 06.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

15. Approximately how many oxygen molecules can a single RBC carry?
A. less than 10
B. one hundred
C. one thousand
D. one million
E. one billion

Each hemoglobin molecule can transport 4 molecules of oxygen and each red blood cell contains about 280 million hemoglobin molecules.

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 06.02.01 Explain the role of hemoglobin in gas transport.
Section: 06.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

16. What part of the hemoglobin molecule actually binds the oxygen molecule? What part binds carbon dioxide?
A. globin chain, globin chain
B. heme, heme
C. globin chain, heme
D. heme, globin chain
E. cell membrane, cell wall

The heme contains the iron that accepts oxygen. Carbon dioxide binds to the globin chain.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.02.02 Compare the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide by red blood cells.
Section: 06.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

17. How much carbon dioxide is dissolved in the plasma?
A. 0%
B. 1%
C. 5%
D. 7%
E. 10%

About 7% of the carbon dioxide is dissolved in plasma.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 06.02.02 Compare the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide by red blood cells.
Section: 06.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

18. Hemoglobin that carries carbon dioxide is called
A. oxyhemoglobin.
B. betahemoglobin.
C. carbaminohemoglobin.
D. alphahemoglobin.
E. deoxyhemoglobin.

Hemoglobin that carries carbon dioxide is called carbaminohemoglobin.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 06.02.02 Compare the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide by red blood cells.
Section: 06.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

19. If your skin and the whites of your eyes appear yellow, what is not being excreted?
A. heme
B. globin chains
C. carbonic acid
D. carbon dioxide
E. biocarbonate ion

This is referred to as jaundice, caused by the failure of the liver to excrete heme.

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 06.02.03 Summarize the role of erythropoietin in red blood cell production.
Section: 06.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

20. What hormone produced in the kidneys stimulates production of red blood cells?
A. carbonic anhydrase
B. prolactin
C. erythropoietin
D. adrenalin
E. lipase

The hormone erythropoietin produced in the kidneys stimulates production of red blood cells.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 06.02.03 Summarize the role of erythropoietin in red blood cell production.
Section: 06.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

21. A test for metal toxicity looks at the amount of metal present in the red blood cell membrane. How long ago could this metal poisoning have occurred and still be found in the cell membrane?
A. a few days
B. a week
C. a month
D. 3 months
E. 6 months

Red blood cells only live about 120 days, so the poisoning would have had to occur within the last 120 days.

Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 06.02.03 Summarize the role of erythropoietin in red blood cell production.
Section: 06.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

22. If a person does not have enough iron in their diet, they may suffer from
A. acidosis.
B. blood doping.
C. hemolysis.
D. anemia.
E. jaundice.

Anemia can be caused by an iron deficiency.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.02.03 Summarize the role of erythropoietin in red blood cell production.
Section: 06.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

True / False Questions

23. Red blood cells are unable to undergo mitosis.
TRUE

Red blood cells do not have a nucleus so they cannot undergo mitosis.

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: 06.02.03 Summarize the role of erythropoietin in red blood cell production.
Section: 06.02
Topic: Cardiovascular System

Multiple Choice Questions

24. The production of leukocytes is regulated by
A. rennin.
B. erythropoietin.
C. colony-stimulating factor.
D. folic acid.
E. prolactin.

The production of leukocytes is regulated by colony-stimulating factor.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 06.03.01 Explain the function of white blood cells in the body.
Section: 06.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

25. Both red blood cells and white blood cells
A. are derived from the same original stem cell.
B. have a nucleus.
C. have hemoglobin.
D. have mitochondria and other organelles.
E. can carry carbon dioxide in the blood.

All of the formed elements in the blood originally came from the same type stem cell.

Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 06.03.01 Explain the function of white blood cells in the body.
Section: 06.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

26. Which of the following are agranular leukocytes?
A. neutrophils and basophils
B. lymphocytes and monocytes
C. eosinophils and monocytes
D. monocytes and neutrophils
E. neutrophils and lymphocytes

Lymphocytes and monocytes are agranular leukocytes.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.03.02 Distinguish between granular and agranular leukocytes.
Section: 06.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

27. In someone with terrible allergies, what leukocyte levels would be elevated?
A. neutrophil, eosinophil
B. monocyte, megakaryocyte
C. eosinophil, basophil
D. lymphocyte, monocyte
E. megakaryocyte, basophil

Eosinophils and basophils are elevated in those with allergies.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.03.01 Explain the function of white blood cells in the body.
Section: 06.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

28. Monocytes are large blood cells that differentiate into
A. megakaryocytes.
B. neutrophils.
C. globulins.
D. macrophages.
E. fibrinogens.

Monocytes are large blood cells that differentiate into macrophages.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.03.02 Distinguish between granular and agranular leukocytes.
Section: 06.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

29. B lymphocytes are associated with
A. antibody production.
B. megakaryocyte breakdown.
C. macrophage production.
D. antigen production.
E. allergic reactions.

B lymphocytes are associated with antibody production.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.03.02 Distinguish between granular and agranular leukocytes.
Section: 06.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

True / False Questions

30. White blood cells are like red blood cells in that they only live for a matter of days.
FALSE

Some white blood cells may only live for a few days but others can live for months or even years.

Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 06.03.01 Explain the function of white blood cells in the body.
Section: 06.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

Multiple Choice Questions

31. Cytotoxic T cells have the ability to
A. produce antibodies.
B. destroy pathogens.
C. increase erythrocyte production.
D. stimulate thrombin.
E. produce platelets.

Cytotoxic T cells have the ability to physically destroy pathogens.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.03.02 Distinguish between granular and agranular leukocytes.
Section: 06.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

32. Robby could not produce the enzyme adenosine deaminase. As a result, he suffered from
A. mononucleosis.
B. cystic fibrosis.
C. sickle cell anemia.
D. SCID.
E. Graves disease.

SCID, severe combined immunodeficiency disease, results from the lack of adenosine deaminase.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.03.03 Describe some of the disorders associated with white blood cells.
Section: 06.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

33. Which term refers to uncontrolled growth of white blood cells?
A. leukemia
B. infectious mononucleosis
C. thrombocytopenia
D. hemophilia
E. thromboembolism

Leukemia is the uncontrolled growth of white blood cells.  Infectious mononucleosis is when the lymphocytes are mononuclear. Thrombocytopenia is an insufficient number of platelets.  Hemophilia is an inherited clotting disorder.  A thromboembolism is when a blood clot prevents blood from reaching certain tissues.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 06.03.03 Describe some of the disorders associated with white blood cells.
Section: 06.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

34. Which of the following is not a characteristic of infectious mononucleosis?
A. It is caused by an Epstein-Barr virus.
B. Symptoms include fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph glands.
C. There is uncontrolled white blood cell proliferation.
D. Active EBV can be passed in saliva.
E. The virus remains within a person’s body for the rest of his/her life.

Mononucleosis is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, which does not involve uncontrollable white blood cell proliferation.

Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 06.03.03 Describe some of the disorders associated with white blood cells.
Section: 06.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

Short Answer Questions

35. List the 5 types of white blood cells and their functions.

1. Neutrophils: phagocytize pathogens and cellular debris.
2. Eosinophils: use granular contents to digest large pathogens, such as worms and reduce inflammation.
3. Basophils: promote blood flow to injured tissues and the inflammatory response.
4. Lymphocytes: responsible for specific immunity.  B cells produce antibodies, T cells destroy cancer and virus-infected cells.
5. Monocytes: become macrophages that phagocytize pathogens and cellular debris.

Bloom’s Level: 6. Create
Learning Outcome: 06.03.01 Explain the function of white blood cells in the body.
Section: 06.03
Topic: Cardiovascular System

Multiple Choice Questions

36. Mark suffers from nosebleeds and gastrointestinal bleeding due to increased breakdown of platelets outside the marrow. This is called
A. thrombocytopenia.
B. thromboembolism.
C. hemophilia.
D. prothrombin disease.
E. sickle-cell anemia.

Mononucleosis is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, which does not involve uncontrollable white blood cell proliferation.

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 06.04.03 Describe disorders associated with blood clotting.
Section: 06.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

True / False Questions

37. Blood clotting requires 6 clotting factors and calcium ions (Ca2+) to ensure that plasma and the formed elements remain in the blood vessels.
FALSE

Blood clotting requires at least 12 clotting factors along with calcium ions (Ca2+) to ensure that plasma and the formed elements remain in the blood vessels.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 06.04.01 Explain how blood clotting relates to homeostasis.
Section: 06.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

38. Blood clotting requires 12 clotting factors and calcium ions (Ca2+) to ensure that plasma and the formed elements leave the blood vessels.
FALSE

Blood clotting requires 12 clotting factors and calcium ions (Ca2+) to ensure that plasma and the formed elements remain in the blood vessels.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 06.04.01 Explain how blood clotting relates to homeostasis.
Section: 06.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

Multiple Choice Questions

39. After blood clots, the yellowish fluid that escapes from the clot is called
A. thrombin.
B. fibrinogen.
C. serum.
D. lymph.
E. plasma.

After blood clots, the yellowish fluid that escapes from the clot is called serum.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 06.04.02 List the steps in the formation of a blood clot.
Section: 06.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

Short Answer Questions

40.  List the steps involved in the formation of a blood clot.

Bloom’s Level: 6. Create
Learning Outcome: 06.04.02 List the steps in the formation of a blood clot.
Section: 06.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

Multiple Choice Questions

41. If blood clotting doesn’t occur correctly what could happen?
A. Formed elements and plasma would not remain in the blood.
B. Red blood cells would increase in concentration.
C. The Ca2+ concentration in the blood would increase.
D. The blood pressure of the individuals would increase.
E. Fluid would accumulate in the body.

If blood clotting doesn’t occur correctly the formed elements and plasma would not remain in the blood.  The concentration of red blood cells would decrease due to the loss of cells.  The Ca2+ concentration in the blood would decrease.  The blood pressure of the individuals would decrease due to the loss of blood.  Fluid would not accumulate in the body.

Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 06.04.03 Describe disorders associated with blood clotting.
Section: 06.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System
Topic: Homeostasis

Short Answer Questions

42. List and describe the functions of blood in the human body.

1. Transport: blood acquires oxygen in the lungs and distributes it to the tissue cells.  It picks up carbon dioxide from the cells and transports it to the lungs.  It picks up nutrients from the digestive system and distributes them to the cells.
2. Defense: various blood cell types are capable of defending the body by attacking and destroying invading pathogens.
3. Regulation: blood helps regulate body temperature by picking up heat and transporting it around the body.  Plasma contains formed elements that create an osmotic pressure which keeps the liquid content of the blood high.

Bloom’s Level: 6. Create
Learning Outcome: 06.01.01 List the functions of blood in the human body.
Section: 06.01
Topic: Cardiovascular System

Multiple Choice Questions

43. The vitamin necessary for fibrinogen and prothrombin formation (found in green vegetables and released by intestinal bacteria) is
A. vitamin B.
B. vitamin D.
C. vitamin A.
D. vitamin E.
E. vitamin K.

Vitamin K is necessary for fibrinogen and prothrombin formation.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 06.04.02 List the steps in the formation of a blood clot.
Section: 06.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

44. The fragmentation of very large megakaryocytes results in the production of
A. leukocytes.
B. erythrocytes.
C. albumins.
D. platelets.
E. globulins.

The fragmentation of very large megakaryocytes results in the production of platelets.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.04.02 List the steps in the formation of a blood clot.
Section: 06.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

45. The final reaction in blood clotting is
A. fibrinogen fibrin.
B. platelets prothrombin activator.
C. prothrombin thrombin.
D. plasmin fibrin.
E. fibrin thrombin.

The final reaction in blood clotting is fibrinogen fibrin.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 06.04.02 List the steps in the formation of a blood clot.
Section: 06.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

46. Coagulation contributes to homeostasis by
A. keeping the blood within the vessels.
B. regulating body temperature.
C. destroying pathogens.
D. removing debris from the blood.
E. maintaining the pH of the blood.

Coagulation keeps the blood within the vessels so that we do not bleed to death.

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 06.04.01 Explain how blood clotting relates to homeostasis.
Section: 06.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System
Topic: Homeostasis

True / False Questions

47. Hemophilia is a genetic clotting disorder.
TRUE

Hemophilia, which results in a deficiency in a clotting factor, is inherited and is therefore a genetic disorder.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.04.03 Describe disorders associated with blood clotting.
Section: 06.04
Topic: Cardiovascular System

Multiple Choice Questions

48. Agglutination refers to the
A. production of antibodies.
B. destruction of red blood cells.
C. development of platelets.
D. production of lymphocytes.
E. clumping of red blood cells.

Agglutination refers to the clumping of red blood cells.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 06.05.01 Explaln what determines blood types in humans.
Section: 06.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

49. Jena and Seth could have a child with hemolytic disease of the newborn. Jena must be
A. Rh negative.
B. Rh positive.
C. a carrier for anemia.
D. blood type A.
E. blood type O.

There is a danger of hemolytic disease of the newborn when the mother is Rh negative, the father is Rh positive, and the baby is Rh positive. Therefore, Jena must be Rh negative.  The blood type of the mother has nothing to due with the risk of hemolytic disease.  Anemia and hemolytic disease are not related at all.

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 06.05.03 Summarize the role of Rh factor in hemolytic disease of the newborn.
Section: 06.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

50. Robby has type B positive blood. His blood will contain
A. A and Rh antigens, and anti-B antibodies.
B. A but no Rh antigens, and anti-B antibodies.
C. B but no Rh antigens, and anti-A antibodies.
D. B and Rh antigens, and anti-A antibodies.
E. B and Rh antigens, and no antibodies.

Robby will possess both B antigens and Rh antigens on his red blood cells, and antibodies against A.

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 06.05.01 Explaln what determines blood types in humans.
Section: 06.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

51. Ray is considered a universal donor. His blood type is
A. O.
B. A.
C. B.
D. AB.
E. Rh negative.

Blood type O is the universal donor because it has no antibodies against A or B.  The Rh factor doesn’t have anything to do with being a universal donor.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 06.05.02 Predict the compatibility of blood types for a transfusion.
Section: 06.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

52. Jeremy has type O negative blood. What type blood could he receive in a transfusion?
A. O negative only
B. A positive, A negative, B positive, and B negative
C. A positive and B positive
D. AB positive only
E. AB negative only

Jeremy cannot receive A positive or negative, B positive or negative, or AB positive or negative blood because he has antibodies against both A and B antigens.

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 06.05.02 Predict the compatibility of blood types for a transfusion.
Section: 06.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

53. A person with O negative blood has what antigens on their red blood cells?
A. A only
B. B only
C. A and Rh
D. B and Rh
E. none

A person with O negative blood has no antigens on their red blood cells.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.05.01 Explaln what determines blood types in humans.
Section: 06.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

True / False Questions

54. A person will have antibodies against any blood antigens different from their own, regardless of whether they have had a transfusion or not.
TRUE

The antibodies against blood antigens develop whether or not a person ever has a transfusion.

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: 06.05.02 Predict the compatibility of blood types for a transfusion.
Section: 06.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

Multiple Choice Questions

55. In which of the following scenarios would hemolytic disease of the newborn be a possibility?
A. Mom is Rh negative and dad is Rh positive.
B. Both mom and dad are Rh negative.
C. Both mom and dad are Rh positive.
D. Mom is Rh positive and dad is Rh negative.
E. Mom is blood type O and dad is blood type B.

Hemolytic disease of the newborn is only a possibility when mom is Rh negative and dad is Rh positive making the fetus Rh positive.  The blood type of the parents does not play a role in hemolytic disease.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.05.03 Summarize the role of Rh factor in hemolytic disease of the newborn.
Section: 06.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

True / False Questions

56. If mom has already developed anti-Rh antibodies during her first pregnancy, a RhoGAM shot will not help her second pregnancy.
TRUE

The purpose of a RhoGAM shot is to prevent the formation of anti-Rh antibodies. If they are already formed, the shot will not help.

Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 06.05.03 Summarize the role of Rh factor in hemolytic disease of the newborn.
Section: 06.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

57. The ABO antigens and Rh antigens are the only blood groups considered before a transfusion.
FALSE

There are other blood group incompatibilities possible, so before blood can be safely transfused it is necessary to physically combine donor blood with recipient blood on a glass slide and check for agglutination.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 06.05.02 Predict the compatibility of blood types for a transfusion.
Section: 06.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

Multiple Choice Questions

58. What do type A positive and AB negative blood have in common?
A. A and B antigens
B. A antigens and Rh antigens, anti-B antibodies
C. anti-B antibodies and Rh antigens
D. A antigens, anti-B antibodies
E. A antigens

Blood type A positive has A antigens, Rh antigens, and anti-B antibodies. Blood type AB negative has A antigens, B antigens, and anti-Rh antibodies. The only thing they have in common is A antigens.

Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 06.05.01 Explaln what determines blood types in humans.
Section: 06.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

59. What do type O negative and type AB positive blood have in common?
A. A and B antigens, no antibodies
B. A antigens, anti-B antibodies
C. B antigens, no antibodies
D. no antibodies
E. nothing

Type O negative blood has no antigens and anti-A, anti-B, and anti-Rh antibodies. Type AB positive blood has A, B, and Rh antigens, and no antibodies. They have nothing in common.

Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 06.05.01 Explaln what determines blood types in humans.
Section: 06.05
Topic: Cardiovascular System

60. How does the muscular system benefit the blood?
A. protects the vessels
B. keeps blood moving through the heart and vessels
C. regulates the acid-base balance of the blood
D. maintains blood volume
E. produces the blood cells

Muscle contraction keeps blood moving through the heart and in the blood vessels, particularly the veins.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.06.01 Summarize how the cardiovascular system interacts with other body systems to maintain homeostasis.
Section: 06.06
Topic: Cardiovascular System
Topic: Homeostasis

61. Which body system does not dump some product into the blood?
A. the urinary system
B. the muscular system
C. the digestive system
D. the respiratory system
E. All body systems dump wastes into the blood

All tissues dump wastes into the blood, so all body systems are intimately involved with the blood.

Bloom’s Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: 06.06.01 Summarize how the cardiovascular system interacts with other body systems to maintain homeostasis.
Section: 06.06
Topic: Cardiovascular System
Topic: Homeostasis

True / False Questions

62. Excess tissue fluid becomes lymphatic fluid that eventually enters the blood stream.
TRUE

The lymphatic system helps maintain blood volume by collecting excess tissue fluid and returning it to the blood.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.06.01 Summarize how the cardiovascular system interacts with other body systems to maintain homeostasis.
Section: 06.06
Topic: Cardiovascular System
Topic: Homeostasis

Multiple Choice Questions

63. Which of the following is not a role the skeletal system plays in helping the cardiovascular system?
A. protects the heart
B. produces blood cells
C. regulates the contraction of the heart
D. stores calcium for blood clotting
E. assists muscles in movement of blood in veins

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.06.01 Summarize how the cardiovascular system interacts with other body systems to maintain homeostasis.
Section: 06.06
Topic: Cardiovascular System
Topic: Homeostasis

True / False Questions

64. Hormones produced by the endocrine system regulate blood volume and blood cell formation.
TRUE

The endocrine system assists the cardiovascular system by producing hormones that regulate blood volume and blood cell formation.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 06.06.01 Summarize how the cardiovascular system interacts with other body systems to maintain homeostasis.
Section: 06.06
Topic: Cardiovascular System
Topic: Homeostasis

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