Home » Muscle weakness in the elderly

Muscle weakness in the elderly

1. The older diabetic patient discussed in week two project had the following preliminary issues: hypertension, arthritis, and visual impairments. His wellness program hence will provide supervised exercises, patient and family education and support throughout his journey, while also implementing lifestyle changes. The community center was well suited for supervised physical exercises. Supervised physical exercises are effective measures to improve muscle metabolism, and maintain strength (Seene, & Kaasik, 2012). Additionally, exercises have been reported to increase insulin sensitivity and aid in the achievement of improved glycemic control. Other benefits include better weight management, reduced blood pressure, and the risk of cardiovascular disease. Even though exercises are encouraged, the patient will be advised to discontinue boxing and change to non-impact sports due to the ongoing treatment for arthritis.

The patient will be taught about the total cessation of alcohol intake that will help prevent hypoglycemic events. Avoidance of the barbecue and the integration or fresh fruits and vegetables will help achieve good lipid profiles (Khazrai, Defeudis, & Pozzilli, 2014). Since the patient takes multiple medications, the patient and his family will be taught on the importance of keeping a drug schedule, and having well-labeled, color-coded areas for keeping different drugs that will assist in minimizing mixing up of medications and the risk of overdose. Due to visual impairments, the patient’s family will be taught on the importance of increased lighting in the interior areas of the house and the introduction of walking rails. Orthopedic shoes for walking around to prevent the development of backache, and ease tension on the knees will be highly recommended. For emotional support, a close family relationship with his family will be highly encouraged. Since the patient was Hindu, he will be highly encouraged to engage in worshiping together with his family in the community temple. Close family relationships and religious worship will improve emotional health and spiritual growth (Choi, & Hastings, 2018).

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Muscle weakness in the elderly
Just from $9/Page
Order Essay

The above approach takes into account the physical health, emotional and spiritual health, patient and family education, home safety, community participation, and improved self-care. A holistic approach will not only improve the overall health of the patient but also assist him in attaining confidence in self-management, improved emotional wellbeing, and spiritual growth. This above provides an optimum level of well-being.


Seene, T., & Kaasik, P. (2012). Muscle weakness in the elderly: Role of sarcopenia, dynapenia, and possibilities for rehabilitation. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 9(2), 109-117. doi:10.1007/s11556-012-0102-8

Choi, S. A., & Hastings, J. F. (2018). Religion, spirituality, coping, and resilience among African Americans with diabetes. Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought, 38(1), 93-114. doi:10.1080/15426432.2018.1524735

Khazrai, Y. M., Defeudis, G., & Pozzilli, P. (2014). Effect of diet on type 2 diabetes mellitus: A review. Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews, 30(S1), 24-33. doi:10.1002/dmrr.2515

2 My subject for the week 2 project was D.K. a 65-year-old female with minimal health conditions. She reported mild hypertension and hyperlipidemia, and chronic neck and back pain due to an MVA in 2001 which required surgical replacement of cervical vertebrae using bone from her hip (D.K., personal communication, August 18, 2020). She voiced interest in attending a gym and increasing exercise. From the questionnaire and assessment, I performed for the project, I discovered the need for D.K. to[AJ1] participate in a consistent exercise program that includes both cardio and weight-bearing exercise. Exercise offers multiple benefits for the older adult such as decreasing the risks of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and some types of cancers (“Promoting Wellness in Older Patients”, 2017). Chronic back pain can lead to decreased activity and deconditioning of back muscles which can lead to increased back pain (Sturos, n.d.). Weight training can improve back health and pain by improving the function and strength of muscles in the back and core, increasing lean muscle mass and decreasing body fat, and increasing the ROM of the spine (Sturos, n.d.).

My recommendation for her would be to enroll in MCA Health & Fitness Center which is a local wellness center that is run and owned by a cardiology group. They developed this center to provide patients and non-patients with convenient access to a program that is customized to fit their individual needs (“Providers”, n.d.). The exercise plan is customized with a review of medical conditions/ histories, as well as oxygen, blood pressure, and heart rate monitoring (“Providers”, n.d.). The staff there are well trained in kinesiology, exercise physiology, and exercise and fitness management (“Providers”, n.d.). D.K. would receive a program tailored to her physical abilities and limitations with monitoring and education regarding how to perform the exercises safely and effectively. This would not only help improve D.K.’s back health but her overall health as well as it can improve her HTN and cholesterol and lower her risks for other chronic diseases. Exercise is a great way to relieve stress and improve mental health. According to an article by Edith (2014), exercise is a holistic approach to achieve “outstanding health” as it not only reduces risks for disease and boosts metabolism, it also improves mental health. She goes on to state, “It has been demonstrated to improve mood, slow the cognitive decline associated with aging, reduce dementia risks, improve sleep, reduce stress and increase self-confidence” (Edith, 2014).


Edith, J. (2014, January 07). 4 Reasons Why Exercise Is Holistic Medicine. Retrieved from https://www.onegreenplanet.org/lifestyle/4-reasons…

Promoting Wellness in Older Patients. (2017). Retrieved from gov/health/promoting-wellness-older-patients”>https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/promoting-wellness-…

Providers. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://montgomerycardiovascular.com/fitness-center/

Sturos, E. (n.d.). Weight Training Effectively Relieves Back Pain. Retrieved from https://www.spine-health.com/blog/weight-training-effectively-relieves-back-pain

3 What is the most important factor that causes caregiver role strain?

Family caregivers are very important in supporting, promoting and maintaining the health of the people they are responsible for that are suffering from a chronic disease. They are responsible to perform activities of daily living that the sick person is not able to do. As a result, the caregiver can experience some negative effects called caregiver role strain. In my opinion, the most important factor that causes caregiver role strain is the severity of the illness. For example, in the case of a wife that is caring for her husband with prostate cancer, she has to spend a lot of time with him and she must also go to work, care for the children.

  • How do you assess for caregiver strain?

The quality of life of caregivers usually tends to deteriorate in physical, psychological and social aspects. Honea et al. (2008) said that caregiver role strain can be measured objectively or subjectively. An objective measurement of caregiver burden can be for instance the number of tasks the caregiver performs on behalf of the patient (Bookwala & Schulz, 2000; Gaugler et al., 2005). Several tools are proposed to effectively assess for caregiver strain. The Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale measures the burden related to frequency, severity, and distress of the patient’s symptoms. It is rated from 1 to 4: 1(rarely, slightly severe, no distress at all) to 4 (almost constantly, very severe, very much distress) (Honea et al., 2008).

  • What can be done to prevent or decrease caregiver role strain?

Research has proven that certain interventions are likely to be effective in lessening caregiver role strain. Psycho-educational interventions such as teaching problem-solving skills, include patient symptom assessment and management, teaching coping skills. Psychotherapy interventions such as teaching caregivers to monitor their own feelings, helping them challenge negative thoughts that may create issues for them and helping caregivers engage in pleasant activities and positive experiences (Honea et al., 2008).


Honea NJ, Brintnall R, Given B, Sherwood P, Colao DB, Somers SC, & Northouse LL. (2008). Putting evidence into practice®: nursing assessment and interventions to reduce family caregiver strain and burden. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing12(3), 507–516. https://doi-org.su.idm.oclc.org/10.1188/08.CJON.507-516

Rueda Diaz, L. J., de Almeida Lopes Monteiro da Cruz, D., & de Cassia Gengo E Silva, R. (2016). Caregiver role strain: bi-national study of content validation. Investigacion y Educacion En Enfermeria34(2), 280–287. https://doi-org.su.idm.oclc.org/10.17533/udea.iee.v34n2a07

4. Choose one disease process and discuss the disease process.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an umbrella term used to described respiratory disease characterized by airway obstruction. COPD is a complex mix of signs and symptoms in patients with chronic bronchitis and emphysema with cigarette smoking being an important risk factor. Other factors, such as exposure to indoor and outdoor air pollution, occupational hazards, and infections, can cause COPD (Mannino and Buist, 2007). Although, smoking is the leading cause of COPD, however, not all smokers acquire COPD, and COPD can develop in nonsmokers as well. Sign and symptoms of COPD consist of Cough, SOB especially with physical activity, wheezing, and chest tightness.

COPD is the third leading cause of death by disease in the United State (Burt and Corbridge, 2013). More than 16.4 million people have been diagnosed with COPD, and there are millions of people who have the disease and may not know it. COPD causes serious long-term disability and early death. At this time there is no cure, but with the proper medication and support management, COPD is manageable (American Lung Association, 2020).

Discuss the goals for this disease presented in Healthy People 2020.

According to the healthy people 2020, the goals for COPD include;

Reduce activity limitations among adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Reduce deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among adults

Reduce hospitalizations for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Reduce emergency department (ED) visits for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

How does the CDC play a role in meeting the goals?

CDC works hard to lower the prevalence of COPD rates by offering smoking and tabacco cessation. They have campaigns that educated the nation on the benefits of quitting. They offer free quit coaching, quit plan, educational materials, and referrals to local resources to those who needs it (CDC, 2020).


American Lung Association (2020). Retrieved from https://www.lung.org/lung-health-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/copd/learn-about-copd

Healthy People 2020 (2020). Retrieved fromhttps://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/respiratory-diseases/objectives

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2020). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/quit_smoking/index.htm?s_cid=osh-stu-home-nav-002

Burt, L., & Corbridge, S. (2013). COPD exacerbations. AJN The American Journal of Nursing113(2), 34-43.Pierson, D. J. (2000). Pathophysiology and clinical effects of chronic hypoxia. Respiratory care45(1), 39-51.

Mannino, D. M., & Buist, A. S. (2007). Global burden of COPD: risk factors, prevalence, and future trends. The Lancet370(9589), 765-773.

5. Thank you for discussing the various stages of Alzheimer’s disease. This is important information to know. In regards to the behavioral therapeutic strategies that can help with the treatment of Alzheimer’s, you had stated “The therapeutic techniques involve physical activities and music therapy which are used as viable and useful treatments”. How are physical activities and music therapy specifically beneficial? Thank you for your post!

Get professional assignment help cheaply

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason may is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Our essay writers are graduates with diplomas, bachelor, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college diploma. When assigning your order, we match the paper subject with the area of specialization of the writer.

Why choose our academic writing service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently













Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment Help Service Works

1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essay GET A PERFECT SCORE!!! smile and order essay Buy Custom Essay

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
error: Content is protected !!
Open chat
Need assignment help? You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp using +1 718 717 2861

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.
  +1 718 717 2861           + 44 161 818 7126           [email protected]
  +1 718 717 2861         [email protected]