Interest in untested theory
Verification of a theory and its concepts provides a relatively uncharted area from which research problems can be derived. Inasmuch as theories themselves are not tested, a researcher may consider investigating a concept or set of concepts related to a nursing theory or a theory from another discipline. The researcher would pose questions like, “If this theory is correct, what kind of behavior would I expect to observe in particular patients and under which conditions?” “If this theory is valid, what kind of supporting evidence will I find?”
Bandura’s (1997) health self-efficacy construct, an individual’s confidence in the ability to perform a behavior, overcome barriers to that behavior, and exert control over the behavior through self-regulation and goal setting, was used by Richards, Ogata, and Cheng (2016) to investigate whether health-related self-efficacy provides the untested theoretical foundation for behavior change related to increasing physical activity using a dog walking (Dogs PAW) intervention.
IBT, Intensive behavioral therapy.
Defining the research question Brainstorming with faculty or colleagues may provide valuable feedback that helps the researcher focus on a specific research question area. Example: ➤ Suppose a researcher told a colleague that her area of interest was health disparities about the effectiveness of peer coaching or case management in improving health outcomes with challenging patient populations such as those who are homeless. The colleague may have asked, “What is it about the topic that specifically interests you?” This conversation may have initiated a chain of thought that resulted in a decision to explore the effectiveness of a nursing case management and peer coaching intervention on hepatitis A and B (HAV and HBV) vaccine completion rates among homeless men recently released on parole (Nyamathi et al., 2015) (see Appendix A). Fig. 2.1 illustrates how a broad area of interest (health disparities, nursing case management, peer coaching) was narrowed to a specific research topic (effectiveness of nursing case management and peer coaching on HAV and HBV vaccine completion among homeless men recently released on parole).
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