Questions on Gross Domestic Product

Data exercise #1 Consists of four parts

Part 1: Expenditures Approach to Calculating GDP (weight 25% of the assignment grade)

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Complete the following exercise

Visit the Bureau of Economic Analysis Web site at  www.bea.gov  In U.S. Economic Accounts under  Nationalclick on Gross Domestic Product (GDP), then Interactive Tables: GDP and the National Income and Product Account (NIPA) Historical Tables, click “Begin using the data”, and use Section 1 – Tables 1.1.5 and 1.1.6 to identify the GDP (nominal GDP) and real GDP for the past four quarters.

1.    Present the information that you received in your project as a table.

2.    Write a report (1 page double – spaced), which contains the analysis of the results you received.

In this report consider, but do not be limited to the following:

1.    Why was nominal GDP greater than real GDP in each of those quarters?

2.    What was the percentage change in Nominal GDP for the most recent quarter compared to the previous quarter?  What was the percentage change in Real GDP for the two quarters?

3.    What accounts for the difference in the two percentages?

Part 2: Income Approach to Calculating GDP (weight 25% of the assignment grade)

Complete the following exercise:

Go to http://www.bea.gov/

Find the information on GDP in billions of current dollars for the past four quarters. In U.S. Economic Accountsunder National click on Gross Domestic Product (GDP), then click on Interactive Tables: GDP and the National Income and Product Account (NIPA) Historical Tables – click “Begin using the data”- choose Section 1: Domestic Product and Income and find table 1.7.5

1. Create the table that contains the following information for the last year quarterly. Omit the intermediate lines found in Table 1.7.5 on the web site.

Gross domestic product

Gross national product

Net national product

National income

Personal income

2. Write a report in your own words (1 page, double-spaced), which contains the analysis of the results you received. In this report consider, but do not be limited to the following:

1.    What is the difference between gross domestic product (GDP) and gross national product (GNP)? What is the difference in what GDP measures compared to GNP?

2.    Based on the table, what calculations must you make to determine GNP from GDP?

3.    What is national income (NI)? What does NI measure?

4.    Which was higher in this year, GNP or NI? By how much?

5.    What calculations must you make to determine NI from GNP?

6.    NI is composed of a number of categories. What category makes up the largest portion of NI?

 

Part 3: GDP in Different Countries (weight 25% of the assignment grade)

Complete the following exercise:

Go to World Development Indicators database:

http://databank.worldbank.org/data/views/variableSelection/selectvariables.aspx?source=world-development-indicators

Select 8 countries for your project by checking the check boxes under Country.

Select the 2 data series GDP (current US$) and Population (Total) under Series.

Select the most recent year under Time.

You can now retrieve that data by clicking one of the options on the upper right of the window.  Clicking “Table” will allow you to view and copy the data for each country.  Clicking “Download” will allow you to download the data in Excel, which can then be copied into your report table.

Or you can simply type the required data into the table below.

Fill in the table below. Calculate the per capita GDP for the most recent available year for the countries with the equation given in the far right column.

Country GDP Population Per Capita GDP
1 2 3 4 = 2/3
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       

 

Write a short report in your own words (1 page, double-spaced), which contains the analysis of the results you have gotten. In this report consider, but do not be limited to the following:

1.    List the countries by highest per capita GDP to lowest.

2.    Does the order remain the same for total GDP as for per capita GDP.

3.    If not, explain why is it different?

Part 4: Index of Economic Freedom (weight 25% of the assignment grade)

Log onto the Heritage Foundation’s website at http://www.heritage.org/Index/

Today, we live in the most prosperous time in human history. Poverty, sicknesses, and ignorance are receding throughout the world, due in large part to the advance of economic freedom. In 2016, the principles of economic freedom that have fueled this monumental progress are once again measured in the Index of Economic Freedom, an annual guide published by The Wall Street Journal and The Heritage Foundation, Washington’s No. 1 think tank.

The Index covers 10 freedoms – from property rights to entrepreneurship – in 186 countries. Each of the ten economic freedoms within these categories is graded on a scale of 0 to 100.”

Click on COUNTRY RANKING to find the rank of economic freedom. IMPORTANT – Make sure you use the Rank and not the Overall Score.

Click on EXPLORE THE DATA to find the rank of business, trade, financial freedom, and property rights.

1.    Find the rank in economic freedom (overall) of the countries that you were using in part III of the assignment.

2.    Find the rank in business, trade, financial freedom, and property rights of the countries that you were using in part III of the assignment.

3.    Compare the rank in economic freedom (overall) and other indicators with the order of the countries using the per capita GDP in the table in part III of the assignment.

1. Present the information that you received in your project as a table.

2. Write a report in your own words (1 page, double-spaced), which contains the analysis of the results that you received.

 

Grading Rubric for the Data Exercise #1

DATA EXERCISE #1        
Part 1: Expenditures Approach to Calculating GDP (25% of the assignment grade) Virtually no effort to complete part 1 of the exercise; not worthy of credit. Only a superficial effort to complete part 1 of the exercise. The project contains some data for expenditure approach in calculating GDP, but the analysis should be considerably more developed Good effort is made to present and analyze the data in expenditure approach in calculating GDP Excellent and very thorough development and articulation in presenting and analyzing the data in expenditure approach in calculating GDP
Part 2: Income Approach to Calculating GDP (25% of the assignment grade) Virtually no effort to complete part 2 of the exercise; not worthy of credit. Only a superficial effort to complete part 2 of the exercise. The project contains some data for Income approach in calculating GDP, but the analysis should be considerably more developed Good effort is made to present and analyze the data in Income approach in calculating GDP Excellent and very thorough development and articulation in presenting and analyzing the data in Income approach in calculating GDP
Part 3: GDP in Different Countries (25% of the assignment grade) Virtually no effort to complete part 3 of the exercise; not worthy of credit. Only a superficial effort to complete part 3 of the exercise. The project contains required data and calculations of GDP in different countries, but the analysis should be considerably more developed Very good effort in collecting the required data, calculating of GDP in different countries, and analyzing the results Excellent and very thorough development and articulation in presenting and analyzing the data of GDP in different coutries
4. Part 4: Index of Economic Freedom (25% of the assignment grade) Virtually no effort to complete part 4 of the exercise; not worthy of credit. Only a superficial effort to complete part 4 of the exercise. The project contains some data about index of Economic Freedom, but the analysis should be considerably more developed Very good effort in collecting the required data, about index of Economic Freedom, and analyzing the results Excellent and very thorough development and articulation in presenting and analyzing the data of about index of Economic Freedom.

 

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