The electronegativity of the chlorine lies between bromine and fluorine. It is also a weaker oxidizing agent than fluorine, whereas itâ€™s a stronger reducing agent than fluorine and a weaker reducing agent than bromine. The atomic radius of the chlorine element lies between the fluorine and bromine elements. The halogen elements have forces of attraction that are intermolecular van der Waals forces. The chlorine element has two isotopes, Â³âµCl and Â³â·Cl that are very stable. These are naturally occurring in nature with the Â³âµCl that makes up to 76% of natural chlorine whereas the remaining 24% of natural chlorine is made of Â³â·Cl. Both of these isotopes are synthesized in silicon-burning processes or oxygen-burning processes.
Reaction of Chlorine with Ozone
The chlorine present in the atmosphere acts as a catalyst in the reaction of turning ozone into oxygen. When a chlorine atom reacts with an ozone molecule, it breaks the molecule and forms chlorine monoxide and an oxygen molecule. Since chlorine monoxide exists as an unstable compound, it reacts with an oxygen atom and forms two oxygen atoms and one free chlorine atom. This process is cyclic and results in a decrease in the amount of ozone.
In industries, ozone is largely used in the preparation of synthetic lubricants, pharmaceuticals, and many other organic compounds that are commercially useful. It is used to bleach substances, kill bacteria and microorganisms present in the water and air. The oxidation potential of ozone is very high.
Ozone is used industrially for many purposes such as:
To disinfect the laundry in food factories, care homes, hospitals, etc.
To disinfect water by replacing chlorine and to sanitize spas and swimming pools.
To kill the bacteria present on contact surfaces or food.
Dissolved ozone is used as a replacement to chemical sanitizers like hypochlorite, peracetic acid in dairy plants, and breweries that are a part of water intense industries, etc.
Ozone provides aid to flocculation and cleans and bleaches fabric. It also acts like an anti-chlorine agent in bleaching that is chlorine-based.
It is used as a reagent in various organic reactions in the industry and also in laboratories. When an alkene is cleaved to a carbonyl compound, it is known as ozonolysis. Ozone is used at many hospitals for the decontamination of the operating rooms before surgeries. It is even used as an alternative to chlorine dioxide or chlorine in wood pulp bleaching. With conjunction between hydrogen peroxide and oxygen, it is used to eliminate the use of the compounds that contain chlorine in the manufacturing of white paper of high quality.
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