Traditional way of classification
In the past, the absence or the presence of the notochord divided the animal kingdom into two groups. They were termed as non-chordates and chordates.
The non-chordates did not have a notochord. A notochord is like a rod which supports the body. They don’t possess pharyngeal gill slits. Some could have a solid nerve cord which is on the ventral side. It is generally paired. If they do have a heart, it is on the dorsal side of the organism. The non chordates are further classified into ten phyla. They are named as protozoa, proifera, coelentarata or cnidaria, platyhelminthes, aschelminthes, annelida, arthropoda, mollusca, echinodermata, and hemichordata.
The chordates have their body supported by the notochord. They also show either pharyngeal gill slits or lungs. They use them for respiration. The hollow nerve chord is on the dorsal side of the body. The heart of such organisms is on the ventral side of their body. All chordate animals are under one phylum called chordates. The phylum chordate is further divided into three subphyla. They are named as urochordata, cephalochordata, and vertebrata. There are five classes under the subphylum vertebrata. They are named as pisces, amphibia, reptilia, aves, and mammalia.
Animals are present all over the world. Different scientists study animals from different parts of the world. Animals can have local names or different translation of names in different languages. All these can cause confusion in the name of the animal, especially when they look similar or have types of the same species. In order to prevent such confusions and miscommunications, there are scientific names given to each animal. They are mosty Latin names and are used all over the world, universally. The classification for this was given by Carl Linnaeus.
The first division is the Kingdom. All animals belong to the kingdom Animala. The next division is called Phylum. There are almost 40 phyla and of them 10 are major phyla. Some phyla also have larger divisions called subphylum. The third level or division is called Class. The fourth level is Order. They are small groups under class. The next level is called the Family. After family, comes the next division of Genus. There could be as few as two animals under a genus. They are often very closely related. The next and last level is called Species. Every animal of the same species can breed with each other. Sometimes, the domain is also mentioned in the start. This means the cell type is either eukaryotic or prokaryotic cells.
When the scientific name of an animal is mentioned, only the genus and species of it is mentioned. The genus name starts with a capital letter and the species name starts with a small letter. If the name is typed, the letters are italicized and if the name is written by hand, the words are underlined. Some examples are mentioned below so as to understand this better.
The classification of the great white shark would be
Hence, its scientific name would be Carcharodon carcharias.
If the classification of the American black bear would be
Hence, its scientific name would be Ursus americanus.
Currently, Robert Whittaker’s classification system is used for the study of animals. There are five kingdoms, from which one is Animalia which includes all animals. It has different criteria for classification of animals.
Grades of organisation:
The unicellular animals perform all functions within one cell. They have protoplasmic grade organization. The unicellular animals which don’t have proper tissue formation like poriferans, are called cellular grade organization. Cnidarian animals have tissues which perform all functions. They are called cell tissue grade organization. When there are organs formed from tissues, they show tissue organ grade organization. Flat worms are such animals. They have some organs, but they are not completely formed. Animals which have proper organs and organ systems are classified as organ system grade organization. Humans fall under this category.
If a body is divided by the imaginary axis at the centre, and it produces unequal halves, they are called asymmetrical bodies. Ameoba is a classic example of such bodies. An organism that has radial symmetry can be divided in different planes and still gives equal two halves. Star fishes for example. If there is only one plane with which the animal can be divded to obtain two equals halves, they are called bilateral symmetrical animals.
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more