Transactional behavior systems

tocratic style is nested in the assumption that employees, if allowed to function
autonomously, cannot or will not contribute to school effectiveness (Hanson, 2003)..
Principals embracing this belief restrict teacher decision making..even in core technical
areas such asallowingthem to determine-homework requirements. Principals exhibiting
a democratic style are guided by two opposing beliefs: stakeholders, including school
employees, have a fundamental right to participate in important decisions; and shared
decision making is generally more effective than autocratic decision making-in. terms
of both decision -qualiry and political, acceptance (Kowalski et aL, 2008). Delegative
principals-believe that employees should be given free reign; they intervene only when,
problems or their supervisors force them to do so. Figure 4.2 illustrate.s differences
among these three-leadership styles.
Prom.an mfluence.perspective, principal behavior is commonly described as being
either transactional or transformationaL Transactional behavior stems from the belief
that most persons are self-centered and do things only when they are apt to ‘benefit or
suffer if they refuse (Burns, 1978). Sergiovanni (2001) describes transactional behavior
as a political quid pro quo: “The wants and needs of followers and the wants and needs of
the leader are traded and a bargain isstruck” (p. 136).-=Intransactions involving a principal
and an.employee, each party is usually aware of e-ach other’s motives (Leithwood &
Duke, 1999). A principal, for example, may convince a teacher to serve on a textbook
adoption committee by providing travel funds -so she can attend a national reading
conference. Coercion also can be used in transactions. For example, a principal may
threaten topunish -the teacher (e.g., recommend that-she be involuntarily transferred to
another school) if she refuses to serve ona textbook adoption committee.
Transformational behavior, by comparison, appeals topsychological needs for esteem,
autonomy and self-actualization (Sergiovanni, 2001) and to moral values such as liberty,
justice, equality, peace, and humanitarianism (Yuki,f989}. This style is predicated on the
belief that, by being inspirational, administrators elevate motivation and morality across
the organization (Burns, t978)-and induce employees to transcend their self-interest for
the sake of the organization (Bass, 1985). Transformational behavior is also outcomeoriented.Constructing a shared vision, setting goals and priorities, providing support,
modeling effective behavior (Leithweod, Jantzi, & Steinbach, 1999), and remaining
-passionate about the vision (Bennis & N anus, 1985) are recognized characteristics.
Often, .leadership styles ace viewed as bein_gmutually exclusive; that is, a principal is
tho-ught to-be eithertransactional or transformational. In fact, these are distinct behaviors.
Effective leaders use a combination of both styles, but they skillfully determine when
each is appropriate (Bass, 1985). In the context of school reform, transformational styles
have .becorne more essentiaL Figure 4.3 provides a comparison of transactional and
transformational styles.


Autocratic (or authoritarian) style
Participative (or democratic) style
Delegative (or laissez faire) style

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Transactional behavior systems
Just from $9/Page
Order Essay
Order a unique copy of this paper
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

We value our customers and so we ensure that what we do is 100% original..
With us you are guaranteed of quality work done by our qualified experts.Your information and everything that you do with us is kept completely confidential.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

The Product ordered is guaranteed to be original. Orders are checked by the most advanced anti-plagiarism software in the market to assure that the Product is 100% original. The Company has a zero tolerance policy for plagiarism.

Read more

Free-revision policy

The Free Revision policy is a courtesy service that the Company provides to help ensure Customer’s total satisfaction with the completed Order. To receive free revision the Company requires that the Customer provide the request within fourteen (14) days from the first completion date and within a period of thirty (30) days for dissertations.

Read more

Privacy policy

The Company is committed to protect the privacy of the Customer and it will never resell or share any of Customer’s personal information, including credit card data, with any third party. All the online transactions are processed through the secure and reliable online payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By placing an order with us, you agree to the service we provide. We will endear to do all that it takes to deliver a comprehensive paper as per your requirements. We also count on your cooperation to ensure that we deliver on this mandate.

Read more

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency
Open chat
1
You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp! Via +1 817 953 0426

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.

Order your essay today and save 30% with the discount code STARS